Knowledge, Explanation, and Motivating Reasons
by Dustin Locke
According to a number of recent philosophers, knowledge has an intimate relationship with rationality.
Some philosophers hold, in particular, that rational agents do things for good motivating reasons, and
that p can be one's motivating reason for ϕ-ing
only if one knows that p. This paper argues against the
latter view and in favor of the view that p cannot be one's motivating reason for ϕ-ing—in the relevant
sense—unless there is an appropriate explanatory connection between the fact that p and one's ϕ-ing.
I argue that this view offers a better account of the cases alleged to support the knowledge view.