List journal issues    
 
 
Home List journal issues Table of contents Subscribe to APQ

Article

Volume 52 • Number 1

January 2015



 

 

Simpson's Paradox and Causality


by Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Wallace F. Dcruz, and Venkata Raghavan R.

Abstract

There are three questions associated with Simpson's Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based approaches are compared by means of an experiment to show that SP is not basically causal.


view PDF
 

 

 

 
Home | Issue Index
 
© 2015 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Content in American Philosophical Quarterly is intended for personal, noncommercial use only. You may not reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, participate in the transfer or sale of, modify, create derivative works from, display, or in any way exploit the American Philosophical Quarterly database in whole or in part without the written permission of the copyright holder.

American Philosophical Quarterly is published by the University of Illinois Press on behalf of North American Philosophical Publications.

ISSN: 2152-1123