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Volume 48 • Number 2

April 2011



Whose Naturalism? Which Wittgenstein?

by Anthony Kenny

Our first task is to clarify in what naturalism consists. One doughty naturalist, Kai Nielsen, more than once defined naturalism in the following way: “Naturalism denies that there are any spiritual or supernatural realities transcendent to the world, or at least that we have sound grounds for believing that there are such realities.” Nature is all: there is nothing that exists that is not a part of nature and there is nothing beyond nature. At this point we look for, and fail to get, a clear and consistent account of what is meant by “nature” and “natural.” Of course, the natural is contrasted with the supernatural; but that contrast by itself will not give us a noncircular account of nature.

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ISSN: 2152-1123